8 ejercicios -

Escribe las siguientes frases en estilo indirecto, como en el ejemplo (He said he was happy.). Sample: "I'm hungry," Tom

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Escribe las siguientes frases en estilo indirecto, como en el ejemplo (He said he was happy.). Sample: "I'm hungry," Tom said.  Tom said th

or

Tom said h

Q1 of 10 Sarah asked, "Are you busy tonight?  She asked me if you're busy tonight.

Q2 of 10 "I am working in a hospital," she said.  She said that she was in a hospital. Q3 of 10 "We made a great dinner last night," he said.  He said tha

Q4 of 10 "They were living in Chicago when their son was born," she said. 

n Chicago w hen their son w as born.

Q5 of 10 "I have been to India three times," Melissa said.  She said that she has been to In

Q6 of 10 "We have been waiting for the tickets for three hours," they said. 

w aiting for the tickets for three hours.

Q7 of 10 He asked, "Had you ever been to New York before?"  Q8 of 10 "I am from Australia," Pam said.  Pam said that he is from Australia.

Q9 of 10 "You must drive slowly here," the police officer told me. 

hat I should drive slow ly around here.

Q10 of 10 station / please / me / take / the / to / train 

Escribe las siguientes frases en estilo indirecto, como en el ejemplo (He said he was happy.). Sample Construct Reported Speech: I am happy.  He said he w as ha He said that he w a

or

Q1 of 5 Construct Reported Speech: I am sleeping.  HE said that he w as sleeping.

Q2 of 5 Construct Reported Speech: I was happy.  He said that he was happy. Q3 of 5 Construct Reported Speech: I have been happy.  He said he had been happy.

Q4 of 5 Construct Reported Speech: I have been sleeping.  He said he w ould be happy.

Q5 of 5 Construct Reported Speech: I will have been happy.  He said he had been happy.

Change to reported speech: a) Mary said: «I’m fed up with my boyfriend» Mary said she was fed up with her boyfriend. b) Peter said: «Titanic is the best movie I’ve ever seen» Peter said that Titanic was the best movie he has ever seen. c) My aunt told me, «I am going to go to Barcelona tomorrow» My aunt told me she was going to Barcelona. d) The English teacher told us: «You should be able to pass the Advanced at the end of the year»

The English teacher told us that we should be able to pass the advanced at the end of the year e) Sarah told me: «I will give up smoking next week» Sarah told me she will give up smoking next week.  2) CHANGE THESE SENTENCES TO REPORTED SPEECH a) «I am working the night shift», Peter said. Peter said he was working the night shift. b) Sarah asked: «had you ever been to Paris before? » Sarah asked if we have ever been to Paris before. c) «I’m starving», Tom said. Tom said he was starving. d) «We have been waiting for you for thirty minutes», Mary complained. Mary complained that they had been waiting for me for thirty minutes e) «You must drive slowly here» the police officer told me. The police officer told me that I should drive slowly there. f) «I need to text my Mum in one hour», she said. She said she needed to text her Mum. g) «You must follow your teacher’s example», my father told me. My father told me that I should follow my teacher’s example. h) Linda said: «I bought a new computer last year ».  Linda said she bought her computer last year.

Turn the following sentences into reported speech:   1. "The boss must sign the letter", Jean said. Jean said (that) the boss should sign the letter.

2."Our teacher will go to Madrid tomorrow",  Emily said. Emily said (that) our teacher will go to Madrid tomorrow. 3.- "I was writing a letter yesterday", Helen told me. Helen told me (that) she wrote a letter yesterday. 4. "Tim went to the Stadium yesterday", Peter said. Peter said (that) Tim went to the Stadium yesterday. 5. "My mother will celebrate her birthday next week", Paul told me. Paul told me (that) his mother will celebrate her birthday next week. 6. "John had already gone at six", David said. David said (that) was gone at six. 7. "Are the boys reading a book?" Mandy asked me. Mandy asked me if the boys were reading a book 8. “Our cousin will go to Moscow next week,” said Trina. Trina said that our cousin will go to Moscow next week 9.“Where are you playing soccer today?” asked Tom. Tom asked me where I will be playing soccer today. 10. “My aunt will celebrate her birthday next week,” Paul told me. Paul told me (that) his aunt will celebrate her birthday next week 11. “Can you write that email for me?” asked Jessica. Jessica asked me if I could write email for her 12. He asked, “Have you ever been to South Africa before?” He asked me if I had ever been to South Africa before

“I am going to buy a new pair of boots”, my sister said. My sister said that she was going to buy a new pair of boots “My wife is wearing a red dress and a big hat”, the man told the receptionist. The man told the receptionist that his wife was wearing a red dress and a big hat “The driver tried to stop the car”, the witness told the policeman. the witness told the policeman that the driver tried to stop the car. “I enjoyed the opera very much”, I answered. I answered that I enjoyed the opera very much “It is a beautiful model”, the assistant said. the assistant said that it was a beautiful model “Peter never comes to my birthday party”, my son said. my son said that Peter never went to his birthday party “We have been here for half an hour”, my wife told the salesman. my wife told the salesman that we had been there for half an hour “You will be a good wife to some lucky man”, my mother told me. my mother told me that I will be a good wife to some lucky man

“I can’t believe you!”, I said. I said that I couldn´t believe him. 1.

“He is going to open the front door”, I said.

I said he was going to open the front door

Reported speech

Estilo directo: He said: " I don't want to go home yet". Estilo indirecto o repoted speech: He said (that) he didn't want to go home yet. - En estilo indirecto that es opcional. Si se incluye, el registro es algo más formal que si se omite. - Cuando los verbos como say, ask, tell, etc. (reporting verbs) están en pasado, cambia el tiempo verbal del resto de la oración en el estilo indirecto. La excepción se produce cuando hablamos de algo que aún tiene validez en el presente: - They told me: "Water boils at 100 degrees" ---- They told me (that) water boils at 100 degrees. - She said: "He has to work all weekend" ----She said (that) he had to work all weekend.   -Cambios de tiempo verbal en estilo indirecto: Presnte simple - Pasado simple Presente continuo - Pasado continuo Pasado simple - Pasado Perfecto simple Pasado continuo - Pasado Perfecto continuo Presente Perfecto - Pasado Perfecto Futuro Simple (will) - Consicional simple (would) Can - Could Must - Had to May - Might

- Reporting verbs: - Verbo + (that): say, claim, explain, insist, agree, complain, deny, reply. - Verbo + pronombre objeto + (that): tell (She told me that...) - Verbo + infinitivo con - to: offer, refuse, agree, promise... - Verbo + for + verbo (-ing): apologise, thank

  - Expresiones que cambian en estilo indirecto: - Tomorrow - the next day/ the following day - Today - that day - Yesterday - the day before / the previous day - Next week - the following week  - Last week - the week before / the previous week - Now - then - Here - there - This week - that week 

- Cambios en los pronombres personales sujeto y objeto - I don't know YOU - She said she didn't like ME - WE are late - He said THEY were late   - Cambios en los posesivos: - That's not MY book - He said that wasn't HIS book.   - Peticiones e imperativos en estilo indirecto: (not) to + infinitivo - "Shut up" - He asked me TO shut up. - "Don't open that window" - He ordered them NOT TO open that window.   - Preguntas en estilo indirecto:  - Al pasar de estilo directo a indirecto las preguntas tienen el orden SUJETO + VERBO. Hay que diferenciar entre dos tipos de preguntas:

* Preguntas con palabra interrogativa (what, who, where, etc): He asked: "Where are you?" - He asked me WHERE I was * Preguntas cuya respuesta es si o no (sin palabra interrogativa). She asked: are you OK? - She asked me IF/WHETHER I was OK.   - Sugerencias en estilo indirecto: Suggest + -ing   /    that should They suggested leaving early They suggested that we should live early